PMID: 42420Oct 1, 1979

Pharmacokinetics of fazadinium in patients with renal failure

British Journal of Anaesthesia
P DuvaldestinJ M Desmonts

Abstract

The serum concentrations of fazadinium and its metabolites were measured in 14 surgical patients with end-stage renal failure and in 11 patients free from kidney disease undergoing abdominal surgery. A two-compartment open model was used in the pharmacokinetic analysis of the data. The elimination half-life (T 1/2 beta) was prolonged by 60% in patients with renal failure (from 85 to 140 min) and corresponded to a 30% decrease of the plasma clearance. The plasma concentration of the metabolites never exceeded 7% of the unchanged fazadinium. These results suggest that the duration of action will be less prolonged for fazadinium than for other non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking drugs in patients with renal failure. A supplementary biliary pathway appears to be a possible explanation for the rapid elimination of fazadinium, even in patients with renal failure.

Citations

Jan 1, 1981·European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·D R BevanR L Smith
Mar 7, 2002·British Journal of Anaesthesia·C Lee
Apr 1, 1984·Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica·M P RainaldiS Boschi
Dec 1, 1981·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery·J Gomez-ArnauF Avello
Nov 1, 1983·Anaesthesia and Intensive Care·P J Maddern

Related Concepts

Half-Life
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Pyridinium Compounds
Operative Surgical Procedures

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.