PMID: 2396794Sep 1, 1990

Pharmacokinetics of flunixin meglumine in lactating cattle after single and multiple intramuscular and intravenous administrations

American Journal of Veterinary Research
K L AndersonV D Bass


The pharmacokinetics of flunixin were studied in 6 adult lactating cattle after administration of single IV and IM doses at 1.1 mg/kg of body weight. A crossover design was used, with route of first administration in each cow determined randomly. Plasma and milk concentrations of total flunixin were determined by use of high-pressure liquid chromatography, using an assay with a lower limit of detection of 50 ng of flunixin/ml. The pharmacokinetics of flunixin were best described by a 2-compartment, open model. After IV administration, mean plasma flunixin concentrations rapidly decreased from initial concentrations of greater than 10 micrograms/ml to nondetectable concentrations at 12 hours after administration. The distribution phase was short (t1/2 alpha, harmonic mean = 0.16 hours) and the elimination phase was more prolonged (t1/2 beta, harmonic mean = 3.14 hours). Mean +/- SD clearance after IV administration was 2.51 +/- 0.96 ml/kg/min. After IM administration, the harmonic mean for the elimination phase (t1/2 beta) was prolonged at 5.20 hours. Bioavailability after IM dosing gave a mean +/- SD (n = 5) of 76.0 +/- 28.0%. Adult, lactating cows (n = 6) were challenge inoculated with endotoxin as a model of acute coliform ma...Continue Reading

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