PMID: 3428340Jan 1, 1987Paper

Pharmacokinetics of theophylline in hyperthyroid and hypothyroid patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
M PokrajacV M Varagić

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of theophylline was investigated in five hyperthyroid, five hypothyroid, and five euthyroid patients, all with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Wide individual variability was found in theophylline kinetics, but the rate of elimination of theophylline was significantly higher in hyperthyroid, and lower in hypothyroid patients than in the euthyroid patients (kel = 0.155, 0.060 and 0.107 h-1, respectively). The values for clearance and volume of distribution were not consistently changed compared with those in the euthyroid group, although all the parameters except AUC were significantly different in hyperthyroid and hypothyroid patients. There was a positive correlation between both thyroxine and triiodothyronine serum concentrations and total body clearance of theophylline (r = 0.795 and r = 0.791, respectively). It is concluded that in spite of the wide interindividual variability and the relatively small differences in the pharmacokinetics of theophylline in thyroid dysfunction compared with the euthyroid status, these differences have to be considered in certain clinical situations, as they may require changes in the therapeutic regimen for administration of theophylline in hyperthyroid or hypothyr...Continue Reading

References

Aug 1, 1975·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·M BarzaL Weinstein
Jan 1, 1975·Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics·E S VesellC A Shively
May 9, 1974·The New England Journal of Medicine·M EichelbaumH J Dengler
Jul 1, 1981·Clinical Pharmacokinetics·G M Shenfield
Nov 1, 1984·Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics·S VozehF Follath
Jan 1, 1983·Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases·D AderkaJ Pinkhas
Mar 1, 1982·Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics·D D Tang-LiuS Riegelman
Jan 1, 1982·European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·A AroH Sundquist
Aug 1, 1982·Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Biopharmaceutics·D D Tang-LiuS Riegelman
Apr 1, 1981·Annals of Internal Medicine·J FeelyJ Crooks
Jan 1, 1981·European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·J FeelyI H Stevenson

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations


❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.