Pharmacological doses of oxytocin affect plasma hormone levels modulating glucose homeostasis in normal man

Hormone Research
G PaolissoF D'Onofrio

Abstract

Pharmacological doses of oxytocin administered in basal conditions evoked a rapid surge in plasma glucose and glucagon levels followed by a later increase in plasma insulin and adrenaline levels. The effects of oxytocin on plasma glucagon and adrenaline levels were potentiated by hypoglycemia. When the endogenous pancreas secretion was suppressed by cyclic somatostatin (150 micrograms/h) and exogenous glucagon (3.5 micrograms/h) and insulin (0.2 mU/kg.min) were both replaced, oxytocin (0.2 U/min) evoked a transient but significant increase in plasma glucose levels suppressing the glucose infusion rate (GIR) in the first 60 min. On the contrary at higher insulin infusion rate (0.6 mU/kg.min) plasma glucose levels and GIR remained unaffected throughout the study. Oxytocin seems also to potentiate glucose-induced insulin secretion as evidenced by hyperglycemic glucose clamp. In conclusion, pharmacological doses of oxytocin seem to exert a prevalent hyperglycemic effect by a combined action at the liver site (as glycogenolytic agent) and at the endocrine pancreas (as a stimulatory agent of A cell secretion).

Citations

Oct 5, 2014·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Zafar IqbalMuhammad Abdul Basit
Oct 20, 2015·Diabetic Medicine : a Journal of the British Diabetic Association·N AchongE L Duncan
Jun 1, 1991·Clinical Endocrinology·J S Jenkins, S S Nussey
Aug 25, 2016·Diabetes·Johanna KlementManfred Hallschmid
Dec 6, 2019·Endocrine Reviews·Shana E McCormackElizabeth A Lawson
Jun 1, 1992·Journal of Endocrinological Investigation·P ChioderaV Coiro
Mar 29, 2001·Physiological Reviews·G Gimpl, F Fahrenholz
Sep 30, 2017·Nature Reviews. Endocrinology·Elizabeth A Lawson
Jul 10, 2019·Journal of the Endocrine Society·Brandy SniderMinrong Ai
Jul 31, 2019·The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism·Mark Florian Joachim WeingartenAnke Tönjes
Apr 7, 2021·Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome·Soo Min HongYoul-Ri Kim

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.