Pharmacological evidence for a selective antidopaminergic action of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid

Journal of Neural Transmission
K MenonO Hornykiewicz


D-Amphetamine (Amph) and p-chloroamphetamine (PCA) induced dose-dependent increases in oropharyngeal myocloniform twitch activity (MTA) in rats anesthetized with urethane. In doses of 80-120 mg/kg, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) blocked Amph-induced MTA. The blockade was readily surmountable. Pretreatment with reserpine markedly enhanced the myoclonigenic effect of Amph and rendered it insensitive blockade by GHB, 160 mg/kg. PCA and tryptamine also effectively stimulated MTA, but unlike Amph were antagonized by low doses of the serotonin (5-HT) antagonist methysergide. In doses which blocked Amph, GHB failed to antagonize the myoclonigenic effect of PCA. It is concluded that: (a) the actions of Amph and PCA on MTA is less sensitive to GHB blockade than DA-mediated MTA; and (c) the GHB-Amph antagonism may be of a functional nature, i.e. result from a depression of the firing activity of DA neurons produced by GHB. Since reserpinization abolished the GHB effect on Amph-induced MTA, the functional integrity of granular DA binding and releasing mechanisms appears to be a pre-requisite for the antagonism between GHB and Amph.


Apr 1, 1972·European Journal of Pharmacology·D BiegerO Hornykiewicz
Nov 1, 1972·British Journal of Pharmacology·D A HutchinsD F Sharman
Apr 1, 1972·British Journal of Pharmacology·G Bustos, R H Roth
Oct 1, 1971·Journal of Neurochemistry·P F SpanoG Gessa
Dec 1, 1965·Life Sciences·A PletscherH Bruderer
Dec 21, 1963·Nature·S P BESSMAN, W N FISHBEIN


Jan 1, 1979·Progress in Neurobiology·C H HockmanA Weerasuriya
Jul 5, 1996·Neuroscience Letters·J J Feigenbaum, R Simantov
Mar 1, 1987·Brain Research Bulletin·M A Hashim, D Bieger
Mar 1, 1981·Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology·M R Dzoljic, A L v d Poel-Heisterkamp
Nov 1, 1996·The International Journal of Neuroscience·J J Feigenbaum, S G Howard

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

KIF1A Associated Neurological Disorder

KIF1A associated neurological disorder (KAND) is a rare neurodegenerative condition caused by mutations in the KIF1A gene. KAND may present with a wide range and severity of symptoms including stiff or weak leg muscles, low muscle tone, a lack of muscle coordination and balance, and intellectual disability. Find the latest research on KAND here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.