Jan 29, 2019

Pharmacological inhibition of GPR4 remediates intestinal inflammation in a mouse colitis model

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Edward J SanderlinLi V Yang

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by chronic, recurring inflammation of the digestive tract. Current therapeutic approaches are limited and include biologics and steroids such as anti-TNFα monoclonal antibodies and corticosteroids, respectively. Significant adverse drug effects can occur for chronic usage and include increased risk of infection in some patients. GPR4, a pH-sensing G protein-coupled receptor, has recently emerged as a potential therapeutic target for intestinal inflammation. We have assessed the effects of a GPR4 antagonist, 2-(4-((2-Ethyl-5,7-dimethylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidin-3-yl)methyl)phenyl)-5-(piperidin-4-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole (GPR4 antagonist 13, also known as NE 52-QQ57) in the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced acute colitis mouse model. The GPR4 antagonist 13 inhibited intestinal inflammation. The clinical parameters such as body weight loss and fecal score were reduced in the GPR4 antagonist 13 treatment group compared to vehicle control. Macroscopic disease indicators such as colon shortening, splenic expansion, and mesenteric lymph node enlargement were all reduced in severity in the GPR4 antagonist 13 treated mice. Histopathological features of active colitis were alleviated in GPR4...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Lymphadenopathy
Gene Expression
Dextran Sulfate Sodium
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Colitis
Cell Growth
Pharmacologic Substance
Adverse Reaction to Drug

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