Jan 1, 1993

Pharmacological modulation of soman-induced seizures

Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
John H McDonough, T M Shih

Abstract

Anticholinergics, benzodiazepines and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists have been shown to modulate the expression of nerve agent-induced seizures. This study examined whether the anticonvulsant actions of these drugs varied depending on the duration of prior seizure activity. Rats implanted with electrodes to record electroencephalographic (EEG) activity were pretreated with the oxime HI-6 (125 mg/kg, IP) to prolong survival, and then challenged with a convulsant dose of the nerve agent soman (180 micrograms/kg, SC); treatment compounds (scopolamine, diazepam, MK-801, atropine, benactyzine, and trihexyphenidyl) were delivered IV at specific times after seizure onset. Both diazepam and MK-801 displayed a similar profile of activity: At both short or long times after seizure initiation the anticonvulsant efficacy of each drug remained the same. Diazepam, and especially MK-801, enhanced the lethal actions of soman by potentiating the respiratory depressant effects of the agent; scopolamine given prior to diazepam or MK-801 protected against the respiratory depression. Scopolamine and atropine showed a dose- and time-dependent effectiveness; the longer the seizure progressed the higher the dose of drug required to terminate ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Anticholinergic mydriatics and cycloplegics
Implantable Stimulation Electrodes
Behavior, Animal
Anticonvulsants
Oximes
Anticholinergics inhalants for obstructive airway diseases
Soman
Atropine
Transcription Initiation
Atropinum, atropine

About this Paper

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