Pharmacological profile of YM-31636, a novel 5-HT3 receptor agonist, in vitro

European Journal of Pharmacology
H ItoT Yamaguchi


We investigated the in vitro pharmacological profile of YM-31636 (2-(1H-imidazol-4-ylmethyl)-8H-indeno[1,2-d]thiazole monofumarate). In cloned human 5-HT3A receptors, YM-31636 had a pKi value of 9.67 vs. ramosetron and pKi values for other 5-HT3 receptor agonists were less than 7. YM-31636 showed very low affinities for other receptors. YM-31636 induced contraction of isolated guinea pig distal colon. The intrinsic activity was approximately 0.90 compared with 5-hydroxytryptamine's (5-HT) 1.0, and the potency was 26 times greater than that of 5-HT. YM-31636 increased short-circuit current (Isc) in the isolated guinea pig distal colon. In this case, the relative intrinsic activity was approximately 0.19. In isolated guinea pig right atrium, YM-31636 induced tachycardia with the relative intrinsic activity of approximately 0.23. All these effects of YM-31636 were antagonized by ramosetron, a selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist. These results suggest that YM-31636 is a potent and selective 5-HT3 receptor agonist, preferentially acting on the contraction of the colon.


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