Sep 11, 2001

Pharmacological studies of prepulse inhibition models of sensorimotor gating deficits in schizophrenia: a decade in review

Psychopharmacology
M A GeyerN R Swerdlow

Abstract

Patients with schizophrenia exhibit deficits in an operational measure of sensorimotor gating: prepulse inhibition (PPI) of startle. Similar deficits in PPI are produced in rats by pharmacological or developmental manipulations. These experimentally induced PPI deficits in rats are clearly not animal models of schizophrenia per se, but appear to provide models of sensorimotor gating deficits in schizophrenia patients that have face, predictive, and construct validity. In rodents, disruptions in PPI of startle are produced by: stimulation of D2 dopamine (DA) receptors, produced by amphetamine or apomorphine; activation of serotonergic systems, produced by serotonin (5-HT) releasers or direct agonists at multiple serotonin receptors; and blockade of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, produced by drugs such as phencyclidine (PCP). Accordingly, dopaminergic, serotonergic, and glutamatergic models of disrupted PPI have evolved and have been applied to the identification of potential antipsychotic treatments. In addition, some developmental manipulations, such as isolation rearing, have provided non-pharmacological animal models of the PPI deficits seen in schizophrenia. This review summarizes and evaluates studies assessing the ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Neurologic Manifestations
Rear1
Schizophrenia
Phencyclidine Abuse
Startle Reaction
Schizophrenic Psychology
Gait Disorders, Neurologic

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