Pharmacology of Schultz-Dale reaction in canine lung strip in vitro: possible model for allergic asthma

British Journal of Pharmacology
N ChandP Eyre

Abstract

1 Isolated lung parenchymal strips of the dog contracted in response to histamine > carbachol > prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) > bradykinin (Bk) > 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT). The order of the relative activity of these agents on the tracheobronchial smooth muscles (TBSM) was carbachol > 5-HT > histamine; PGF(2alpha) and Bk were inactive. Thus there are marked differences in the responsiveness of the smooth muscle of central (trachea and bronchus) and peripheral (lung strip) airways to autonomic and autacoid agents.2 Lung strips and TBSM partially contracted by carbachol, histamine or horse plasma, were relaxed by isoprenaline, PGE(1) and PGE(2).3 Lung strips from dogs sensitized to horse-plasma contracted in response to antigen (Schultz-Dale anaphylactic reaction). Tachyphylaxis or desensitization to subsequent antigen challenge was invariably observed; it was followed after 1 to 2 h of rest by partial recovery of the anaphylactic response.4 Mepyramine selectively antagonized responses to histamine without altering responses to carbachol and antigen.5 Metiamide, an H(2)-receptor antagonist, did not influence responses to histamine, carbachol or horse plasma.6 Indomethacin was found to be ineffective as an inhibitor of th...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Dec 1, 1985·Agents and Actions·P O Ogunbiyi, P Eyre
Feb 17, 1984·European Journal of Pharmacology·K VincencJ Shaw
Oct 1, 1995·Respiration Physiology·S B SigurdssonN L Stephens
Nov 1, 1993·Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods·A R Hulsmann, J C de Jongste
Oct 1, 1979·The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology·N Chand, L DeRoth
Jan 13, 2009·Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics·H W Mitchell
Sep 1, 1983·British Journal of Pharmacology·J F BertramJ W Paterson

Related Concepts

Anaphylaxis
Metazoa
Asthma
Canis familiaris
Antihistamines, Classical
Osmosin
Lung
Metiamide Monohydrochloride
Kriptin
Autacoids

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