Phase II study of irinotecan combined with mitomycin-C for advanced or recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix: the JGOG study
Naohiko UmesakiJapan Gynecologic Oncology Group
The efficacy and toxicity of combined therapy with irinotecan (CPT-11) plus mitomycin-C (MMC) were evaluated in patients with advanced or recurrent squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the uterine cervix. CPT-11 (100 mg/m(2)) was administered on days 1, 8, and 15 by intravenous (iv) infusion over 90 min, while MMC (10 mg/m(2) iv) was given on day 1. This regimen was repeated every 28 days and at least two courses were given. Among 51 eligible patients (median age: 52 years; range: 25-72 years), 2 showed complete response (CR) and 24 showed PR, for an overall response rate (ORR) of 51.0% (95% confidence interval: 36.6-65.3%). In patients without prior chemotherapy, the ORR was 54.8% (38.7-70.2%). Twenty-five patients (Ib2:3, IIb:17, and IIIb:5) received this regimen as neoadjuvant chemotherapy and their ORR was 76% (54.9-90.6%). Twenty-two patients were able to undergo radical surgery after NAC. The major toxicity was neutropenia, which was grade 3-4 in 59% of the patients. Grade 3-4 thrombocytopenia and anemia were also seen in 26% of the patients each. The most common nonhematologic toxicity was diarrhea (grade 3-4 in 12%). CPT-11 combined with MMC can be effective against advanced or recurrent SCC of the uterine cervix.
Anemia develops when your blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells. Anemia of inflammation (AI, also called anemia of chronic disease) is a common, typically normocytic, normochromic anemia that is caused by an underlying inflammatory disease. Here is the latest research on anemia.