PMID: 5542700Jan 1, 1971Paper

Phenobarbital-induced alterations in phosphatidylcholine and triglyceride synthesis in hepatic endoplasmic reticulum.

Journal of Lipid Research
D L YoungW O McMillan


Biosynthetic pathways of phosphatidylcholine and triglyceride were studied in proliferating hepatic endoplasmic reticulum of rats pretreated with phenobarbital. Phosphatidylcholine accounted for the major increment in membrane phospholipid. In vitro measurements of hepatic microsomal enzymes which catalyze phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis revealed a significant increase in specific activity of the enzyme governing phosphatidylcholine synthesis by sequential methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine. The specific activity of phosphorylcholine-glyceride transferase, which catalyzes phosphatidylcholine synthesis from d-1,2-diglyceride and CDP-choline, was not altered. Specific activity of diglyceride acyltransferase, which catalyzes triglyceride biosynthesis, was increased to a degree comparable to the increase in specific activity found in the phenobarbital-induced drug-metabolizing enzyme which oxidatively demethylates aminopyrine. In vivo incorporation of methyl-(3)H from l-methionine-methyl-(3)H into microsomal phosphatidylcholine was significantly increased, resulting in an increased methyl-(3)H to choline-1,2-(14)C incorporation ratio of more than three times that found in control animals. A comparable increase in this incorpo...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Carbon Isotopes
Choline Hydroxide
Cytosine Nucleotides

Related Feeds

B-Cell Lymphoma

B-cell lymphomas include lymphomas that affect B cells. This subtype of cancer accounts for over 80% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas in the US. Here is the latest research.

ASBMB Publications

The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB) includes the Journal of Biological Chemistry, Molecular & Cellular Proteomics, and the Journal of Lipid Research. Discover the latest research from ASBMB here.

Blood And Marrow Transplantation

The use of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or blood and marrow transplantation (bmt) is on the increase worldwide. BMT is used to replace damaged or destroyed bone marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells. Here is the latest research on bone and marrow transplantation.