Phenolic composition and antioxidant activities in flesh and achenes of strawberries (Fragaria ananassa)

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Kjersti AabyRonald E Wrolstad

Abstract

High performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array and coulometric array detectors were used to characterize and quantify phenolic compounds in achenes and flesh of ripe strawberries (cv Totem and Puget Reliance). Total phenolics and total monomeric anthocyanins were measured and antioxidant activities were evaluated by the FRAP and the ORAC assays. Strawberries contained 1% achenes on a fresh weight basis; however, they contributed to about 11% of total phenolics and 14% of antioxidant activities in strawberries. Ellagic acid, ellagic acid glycosides, and ellagitannins were the main contributors to the antioxidant activities of achenes. The major anthocyanin in flesh was pelargonidin-3-glucoside, whereas achenes consisted of nearly equal amounts of cyanidin-3-glucoside and pelargonidin-3-glucoside. Phenolic content and antioxidant activity of strawberry achenes were reduced by industrial processing. However, the levels were still high and strawberry waste byproduct could thus be a possible source of nutraceuticals or natural antioxidants.

References

Feb 24, 1996·BMJ : British Medical Journal·C GriffithsF Pereira
Dec 10, 1999·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·M P KähkönenM Heinonen
Dec 20, 1999·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·W KaltR L Prior
Aug 22, 2001·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·P ZafrillaF A Tomás-Barberán
Aug 22, 2001·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·M P KähkönenM Heinonen
Mar 7, 2002·The Journal of Nutrition·Bente L HalvorsenRune Blomhoff
Oct 30, 2003·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·Katherine J MeyersRui Hai Liu

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Jul 9, 2011·The British Journal of Nutrition·Indika EdirisingheBritt M Burton-Freeman
Jul 30, 2010·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·Mustafa Çam, Kjersti Aaby
Mar 16, 2011·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·Linda HoltungKjersti Aaby
Dec 1, 2011·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·Pilar TruchadoJuan Carlos Espín
Sep 3, 2013·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·Mattia GasperottiUrska Vrhovsek
Sep 3, 2013·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·Mirta KadivecTomaž Požrl
Jul 30, 2008·Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition·M S Fernandez-PanchonM C Garcia-Parrilla
Feb 14, 2012·Natural Product Research·Edita BagdonaiteValdimaras Janulis
Jul 14, 2012·Natural Product Research·Francesca GiampieriMaurizio Battino
Feb 9, 2010·Journal of Medicinal Food·Susanne M HenningDavid Heber
Jun 12, 2008·Carcinogenesis·Gary David StonerBruce Cordell Casto
May 20, 2008·Journal of Experimental Botany·Markus GriesserWilfried Schwab
Oct 11, 2011·Plant & Cell Physiology·Francisco Amil-RuizJosé L Caballero
Oct 13, 2014·Food Chemistry·Ana OliveiraManuela Pintado
Feb 18, 2016·Journal of Experimental Botany·Katja SchulenburgWilfried Schwab
Feb 18, 2016·Pathophysiology : the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology·Khaled G Abdel-WahhabFathia A Mannaa
Dec 14, 2011·Nutrition·Francesca GiampieriMaurizio Battino
Oct 14, 2008·Journal of Chromatography. a·Harm A G NiederländerIrina I Koleva
Jul 25, 2008·Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences·Gordon McDougallDerek Stewart
Nov 26, 2015·Food Chemistry·Hala SoltanaMohamed Hammami
Dec 10, 2008·Molecular Nutrition & Food Research·Ryszard AmarowiczMariusz K Piskula
Nov 6, 2007·Molecular Nutrition & Food Research·Eva SadilovaFlorian C Stintzing
Aug 16, 2008·Journal of Separation Science·Patrizia ComandiniMaria Fiorenza Caboni
Oct 15, 2013·Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture·George A ManganarisLeon A Terry
May 3, 2016·Food Chemistry·Lusani Norah Vhangani, Jessy Van Wyk
Aug 30, 2016·Journal of Food Science and Technology·Pao-Ju Lee, Shaun Chen
Sep 23, 2014·Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture·Fabio ValentinuzziTanja Mimmo
Oct 14, 2014·Food Chemistry·Kheamrutai ThamaphatSiwaporn Meejoo Smith

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.