Phenotypic plasticity plays a key role in modulating how environmental variation influences population dynamics, but we have only rudimentary understanding of how plasticity interacts with the magnitude and predictability of environmental variation to affect population dynamics and persistence. We developed a stochastic individual-based model, in which phenotypes could respond to a temporally fluctuating environmental cue and fitness depended on the match between the phenotype and a randomly fluctuating trait optimum, to assess the absolute fitness and population dynamic consequences of plasticity under different levels of environmental stochasticity and cue reliability. When cue and optimum were tightly correlated, plasticity buffered absolute fitness from environmental variability, and population size remained high and relatively invariant. In contrast, when this correlation weakened and environmental variability was high, strong plasticity reduced population size, and populations with excessively strong plasticity had substantially greater extinction probability. Given that environments might become more variable and unpredictable in the future owing to anthropogenic influences, reaction norms that evolved under historic sel...Continue Reading
Patterns of variance in stage-structured populations: evolutionary predictions and ecological implications
The Evolution of Plasticity and Nonplastic Spatial and Temporal Adaptations in the Presence of Imperfect Environmental Cues
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Adaptation to an extraordinary environment by evolution of phenotypic plasticity and genetic assimilation
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Testing the evolutionary basis of the predictive adaptive response hypothesis in a preindustrial human population
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Shifting Thresholds: Rapid Evolution of Migratory Life Histories in Steelhead/Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss
Dissecting the dynamics of epigenetic changes in phenotype-structured populations exposed to fluctuating environments
Phenotypic plasticity is not affected by experimental evolution in constant, predictable or unpredictable fluctuating thermal environments
Contrasting effects of climate change in continental vs. oceanic environments on population persistence and microevolution of Atlantic salmon
Large-scale parentage analysis reveals reproductive patterns and heritability of spawn timing in a hatchery population of steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Selection in a fluctuating environment leads to decreased genetic variation and facilitates the evolution of phenotypic plasticity
Assessing adaptive phenotypic plasticity by means of conditional strategies from empirical data: the latent environmental threshold model
Connecting the dots of nonlinear reaction norms unravels the threads of genotype-environment interaction in Drosophila
Evolution of phenotype-environment associations by genetic responses to selection and phenotypic plasticity in a temporally autocorrelated environment
Predictability rather than amplitude of temperature fluctuations determines stress resistance in a natural population of Drosophila simulans
Impacts of environmental variability on desiccation rate, plastic responses and population dynamics of Glossina pallidipes
When to initiate torpor use? Food availability times the transition to winter phenotype in a tropical heterotherm
Genetic variation of transgenerational plasticity of offspring germination in response to salinity stress and the seed transcriptome of Medicago truncatula
Thermal acclimation in a complex life cycle: the effects of larval and adult thermal conditions on metabolic rate and heat resistance in Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae)
Offspring reaction norms shaped by parental environment: interaction between within- and trans-generational plasticity of inducible defenses
When three traits make a line: evolution of phenotypic plasticity and genetic assimilation through linear reaction norms in stochastic environments
Plasticity of plant defense and its evolutionary implications in wild populations of Boechera stricta
The genetics of phenotypic plasticity. XV. Genetic assimilation, the Baldwin effect, and evolutionary rescue
Phenological mismatch drives selection on elevation, but not on slope, of breeding time plasticity in a wild songbird
Diverse genotypes of the amphibian-killing fungus produce distinct phenotypes through plastic responses to temperature
Phenotypic plasticity in locomotor performance of a monophyletic group of weevils accords with the 'warmer is better' hypothesis
Local adaptation for enhanced salt tolerance reduces non-adaptive plasticity caused by osmotic stress
Phenotypic variability can promote the evolution of adaptive plasticity by reducing the stringency of natural selection
Age-dependent effects of moderate differences in environmental predictability forecasted by climate change, experimental evidence from a short-lived lizard (Zootoca vivipara)
Ecological change in dynamic environments: Accounting for temporal environmental variability in studies of ocean change biology
Developmental trap or demographic bonanza? Opposing consequences of earlier phenology in a changing climate for a multivoltine butterfly
Altered environmental light drives retinal change in the Atlantic Tarpon (Megalops atlanticus) over timescales relevant to marine environmental disturbance
Fluctuating effects of genetic and plastic changes in body mass on population dynamics in a large herbivore
Effects of intrinsic environmental predictability on intra-individual and intra-population variability of plant reproductive traits and eco-evolutionary consequences
How species longevity, intraspecific morphological variation, and geographic range size are related: a comparison using late Cambrian trilobites
Cytosine methylation patterns suggest a role of methylation in plastic and adaptive responses to temperature in European grayling (Thymallus thymallus ) populations
No evidence for thermal transgenerational plasticity in metabolism when minimizing the potential for confounding effects
Environmental heterogeneity does not affect levels of phenotypic plasticity in natural populations of three Drosophila species
The mean and variance of climate change in the oceans: hidden evolutionary potential under stochastic environmental variability in marine sticklebacks
Predator-induced phenotypic plasticity of shape and behavior: parallel and unique patterns across sexes and species
A multi-year experiment shows that lower precipitation predictability encourages plants' early life stages and enhances population viability
A case for a joint strategy of diversified bet hedging and plasticity in the pea aphid wing polyphenism
Long-term changes in food availability mediate the effects of temperature on growth, development and survival in striped marsh frog larvae: implications for captive breeding programmes
Changing environmental gradients over forty years alter ecomorphological variation in Guadalupe Bass Micropterus treculii throughout a river basin
Living the difference: alternative functional designs in five perennial herbs coexisting in a coastal dune environment
Does Divergence in Habitat Breadth Associate with Species Differences in Decision Making in Drosophila Sechellia and Drosophila Simulans ?
Heritable Micro-environmental Variance Covaries with Fitness in an Outbred Population of Drosophila serrata
Developmental phenotypic plasticity helps bridge stochastic weather events associated with climate change
Maladaptive plasticity facilitates evolution of thermal tolerance during an experimental range shift
Decoupling the effects of food and density on life history plasticity of wild animals using field experiments: insights from the steward who sits in the shadow of its tail, the North American red squirrel
Climate explains population divergence in drought-induced plasticity of functional traits and gene expression in a South African Protea
Multidimensional plasticity in the Glanville fritillary butterfly: larval performance is temperature, host and family specific
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