PMID: 43287Dec 1, 1979

Phenotypic stability of the cell wall of Streptococcus mutans Ingbritt grown under various conditions

Infection and Immunity
K W KnoxA S Bleiweis

Abstract

Quantitative analyses of cell walls from Streptococcus mutans Ingbritt grown under carbohydrate limitation in the chemostat showed that growth conditions had no statistically significant effect on the composition of polysaccharide, peptidoglycan, or the proportion of polysaccharide in the cell wall. Lysis of cell wall preparations with a muramidase supported this conclusion and further indicated that there was little difference in their overall structure. In contrast, there was a consistent difference between the rates of lysis by this enzyme of organisms grown in 0.2% glucose and 0.5% glucose. Extremes of pH or dilution rate essentially did not influence the immunogenicity of type c antigen in whole organisms irrespective of whether the carbohydrate source was glucose or sucrose. However, differences were found in the immunogenicity of lipoteichoic acid under similar circumstances. The results indicated there was an inherent phenotypic stability in the cell walls of S. mutans Ingbritt despite changes in pH, generation time, and carbohydrate source, and that any changes that did occur were probably due to associated cell-surface components.

Related Concepts

Abufne
Antibodies, Bacterial
Cell Wall
Xicil
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Glutamic Acids
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Hydrolysis
Lysine Hydrochloride
Muramic Acids

Related Feeds

Bacterial Cell Wall Structure (ASM)

Bacterial cell walls are made of peptidoglycan (also called murein), which is made from polysaccharide chains cross-linked by unusual peptides containing D-amino acids. Here is the latest research on bacterial cell wall structures.

Bacterial Cell Wall Structure

Bacterial cell walls are made of peptidoglycan (also called murein), which is made from polysaccharide chains cross-linked by unusual peptides containing D-amino acids. Here is the latest research on bacterial cell wall structures.