Apr 1, 1986

Phosphatidylinositol:myo-inositol exchange activity in intact nerve endings: substrate and cofactor dependence, nucleotide specificity, and effect on synaptosomal handling of myo-inositol

Journal of Neurochemistry
G BerryS Segal

Abstract

Micromolar concentrations of CMP produced a large increase in Mn2+-dependent phosphatidylinositol:myo-inositol exchange activity in isolated nerve endings or synaptosomes. The apparent Km for CMP was 2 microM, and that for myo-inositol was 38 microM. Only cytidine nucleotides were capable of enhancing activity, and this effect is probably specific for CMP, because the synaptosomal preparation rapidly converted CTP or CDP to CMP. Manganese did not affect the uptake of myo-inositol into the synaptosomal cytosolic fraction or myo-inositol levels. Determinations of myo-inositol specific activity showed that the Mn2+-enhanced labeling of phosphatidylinositol was not accompanied by a decrease of label content in free myo-inositol. This lack of an effect on intrasynaptosomal myo-inositol and the dependence of exchange on cytidine nucleotides whereas cytidine itself was previously found to be without effect show that for the bulk of Mn2+-dependent exchange activity, it is the myo-inositol in the incubation medium that is being directly incorporated into membrane-bound phosphatidyl-inositol. Because CMP dependence is the hallmark of exchange catalyzed by CDP-diacylglycerol:inositol phosphatidyl transferase, this enzyme is likely to be r...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Manganese
Phosphatidylinositols
Brain
Uptake
Nerve Endings
Cytidine Diphosphate Diglycerides
3'-CMP
Nucleotides
Transferases (Other Substituted Phosphate Groups)
Cdipt protein, rat

About this Paper

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