PMID: 39670Jul 1, 1979

Phosphoester specificity of purified human liver alkaline phosphatase

Canadian Journal of Biochemistry
L E Seargeant, R A Stinson

Abstract

Kinetic parameters for the hydrolysis of a number of physiologically important phosphoesters by purified human liver alkaline phosphatase have been determined. The enzyme was studied at pH values of 7.0 to 10.0. The affinity of the enzyme for the compounds was determined by competition experiments and by their direct employment as substrates. Phosphodiesters and phosphonates were not hydrolysed but the latter were inhibitors. Calcium and magnesium ions inhibited the hydrolysis of ATP and PP1 and evidence is presented to show that the metal complexes of these substrates are not hydrolysed by alkaline phosphatase. A calcium-stimulated ATPase activity could not be demonstrated for the purified enzyme or the enzyme in the presence of a calcium-dependent regulator protein. Nevertheless, the influence of magnesium and calcium ions on the ATPase activity of alkaline phosphatase means that precautions must be taken when assaying for Ca2+-ATPase in the presence of alkaline phosphatase. The low substrate Km values and the hydrolysis which occurs at pH 7.4 mean that the enzyme could have a significant phosphohydrolytic role. However, liver cell phosphate concentrations, if accessible to the enzyme, are sufficient to strongly inhibit this ...Continue Reading

References

Mar 5, 1981·Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry·R A Stinson, L E Seargeant
Dec 30, 1986·Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry·R A StinsonJ A Chan
Jul 30, 2008·The Journal of Biological Chemistry·Peiying ZuoTimothy C Elston
Jan 1, 1985·Journal of Hepatology·M CorbicS Erlinger
Nov 1, 1980·Journal of Cellular Physiology·P Brahmacupta, G Melnykovych

Related Concepts

Structure-Activity Relationship
Alkaline Phosphatase
Substrate Specificity
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Adenosine Triphosphate, Chromium Ammonium Salt
Liver
Organophosphonates

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.