Sep 25, 1976

Phosphofructokinase. II. Role of ligands in pH-dependent structural changes of the rabbit muscle enzyme

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
P E Bock, C Frieden

Abstract

The effect of ligands, including substrates and allosteric effectors, on the pH-dependent inactivation and reactivation of rabbit muscle phosphofructokinase has been examined in terms of the mechanism proposed previously (Bock, P.E. and Fireden, C. (1976) J. Biol. Chem. 251, 5630-5636). It is concluded thatt many ligands exert their effect by binding preferentially to either protonated or unprotonated forms of the enzyme and thus shifting an apparent pK for the inactivation or reactivation process. ATP and fructose 6-phosphate influence the apparent pK to different extents and in different directions, with ATP binding preferentially to the protonated forms and fructose 6-phosphate to the unprotonated forms. Enzyme inactivated by ATP can be reactivated by the addition of fructose 6-phosphate. The experiments indicate that inactivation and reactivation in the presence of these ligands can occur by kinetically different pathways as has been found for these processes in the absence of ligands. The results are discussed in relation to what might be expected for ligand binding properties of the enzyme as a function of pH, temperature, and enzyme concentration. The effect of ATP and MgATP is complex, perhaps representing more than one...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

ATP Binding
Biochemical Pathway
Exertion
PFKM
Fructose
Ligand Binding
Adenosine Triphosphate, Magnesium Salt
Citrate Measurement
Phosphate Measurement
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity

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