Phospholipase C from Clostridium novyi type A. II. Factors influencing the enzyme activity

Journal of Biochemistry
R Taguchi, H Ikezawa

Abstract

The apparent activity of phospholipase C[EC 3.1.4.3] of Clostridium novyi type A toward phosphatidylcholine, sphingomyelin, and phosphatidylethanolamine increased in the presence of sodium deoxycholate (SDC). The effects of divalent cations on phospholipase C activity were examined in detail at various concentrations of these cations. These effects varied with substrate. Hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine by this enzyme significantly increased in the presence of Mg2+ or Ca2+. Hydrolysis of sphingomyelin was inhibited by Ca2+, but increased in the presence of Mg2+. Phosphatidylethanolamine-hydrolyzing activity increased only slightly in the presence of Mg2+ and Ca2+. Zn2+ rather inhibited hydrolysis of these substrates. The effects of divalent cations and detergent appear to be directly related to the physical state of the phospholipid micelles used as substrates. When phosphatidylcholine, sphingomyelin, or phosphatidylethanolamine was used as a substrate, phospholipase C activity was completely inhibited by 2.5 mM EDTA or o-phenanthroline (concentration in the final incubation mixture: 0.5 mM), and was fully restored by Zn2+ alone. Both Ca2+ and Mg2+ were ineffective for reactivation. The isoelectric point of the enzyme was 7.1 ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Cations, Divalent
Clostridium
Deoxycholic Acid, Monoammonium Salt
Phospholipase

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