Jan 29, 2013

Phosphoregulation of the WAVE regulatory complex and signal integration

Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Michelle C Mendoza

Abstract

The WAVE2 regulatory complex (WRC) induces actin polymerization by activating the actin nucleator Arp2/3. Polymerizing actin pushes against the cell membrane and induces dramatic edge protrusions. In order to properly control such changes in cell morphology and function, cells have evolved multiple methods to tightly regulate WRC and Arp2/3 activity in space and time. Of these mechanisms, phosphorylation plays a fundamental role in transmitting extracellular and intracellular signals to the WRC and the actin cytoskeleton. This review discusses the phosphorylation-based regulatory inputs into the WRC. Signaling pathways that respond to growth factors, chemokines, hormones, and extracellular matrix converge upon the WAVE and ABI components of the WRC. The Abl, Src, ERK, and PKA kinases promote complex activation through a WRC conformation change that permits interaction with the Arp2/3 complex and through WRC translocation to the cell edge. The neuron-specific CDK5 and constitutively active CK2 kinases inhibit WRC activation. These regulatory signals are integrated in space and time as they coalesce upon the WRC. The combination of WRC phosphorylation events and WRC activity is controlled by stimulus, cell type, and cell cycle-sp...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Vertebrates
Protrusion
Establishment and Maintenance of Localization
Biochemical Pathway
ABI2 gene
Phosphatidylinositols
Lamellipodia
WAS gene
SOX9 gene
Specimen Type - Fibroblasts

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