Jan 1, 1963

Phosphorylation by extracts of Nitrosomonas europaea

Journal of Bacteriology


Burge, W. D. (University of California, Berkeley), E. Malavolta, and C. C. Delwiche. Phosphorylation by extracts of Nitrosomonas europaea. J. Bacteriol. 85:106-110. 1963.-Cellfree preparations of Nitrosomonas europaea are capable of oxidizing hydroxylamine, but not ammonium ion, to nitrite. The quantity of nitrite formed by our preparations was, at most, equivalent to only 70% of the hydroxylamine added. Although the preparations had a strong phosphatase activity, resulting in a net loss of organic phosphate during the experimental period, P(32)-labeled inorganic phosphate was found to be incorporated into the organic fraction, including adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP). The provision of hydroxylamine as substrate resulted in the formation of nitrite and an increased incorporation of P(32) into the organic fraction. It is concluded that the chemosynthetic autotroph Nitrosomonas, in common with certain other autotrophic organisms and heterotrophs, is capable of converting energy released in the oxidation of its inorganic substrate into high-energy phosphate units (ATP and ADP) for the mediation of other energy-requiring reactions. The simultaneous formation of ATP and ADP is interpreted as evidence fo...Continue Reading

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