PMID: 590264Nov 15, 1977

Phosphorylation from inorganic phosphate and ATP synthesis of sarcoplasmic membranes

European Journal of Biochemistry
F U BeilW Hasselbach


The incorporation of inorganic phosphate in the fragmented sarcoplasmic membranes induced by the removal of calcium ions bound to high affinity binding sites at the cytoplasmic surface of the membranes gives rise to the formation of two species of phosphoenzyme. The properties of the phosphoproteins formed depend on the absence or the presence of a gradient of calcium ions across the membranes. The phosphoenzymes differ by the affinity of the protein for phosphate, the enthalpy of formation, the kinetics of phosphate incorporation, and by the sensitivity to ionophores and ADP. In the absence of a calcium gradient less than 0.5 nmol phosphoenzyme per mg protein are formed in media containing less than 5 mM phosphate at pH7 and 10 degrees C. Under the same conditions approximately 2 nmol of phosphoenzyme per mg protein are formed with an initial rate of 0.5 nmol mg-1-s-1 when a calcium gradient exists. When the gradient is abolished by the addition of the ionophore X537A, the level of phosphoprotein drops to the same value as observed in the absence of a gradient. On addition of ADP at concentrations increasing from 0.3 to 10 muM continuous ATP formation is activated to its maximum rate, and simultaneously, the level of phosphopr...Continue Reading


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