Phosphorylation of FtsZ and FtsA by a DNA Damage-Responsive Ser/Thr Protein Kinase Affects Their Functional Interactions in Deinococcus radiodurans

MSphere
Ganesh K MauryaHari S Misra

Abstract

Deinococcus radiodurans, a highly radioresistant bacterium, does not show LexA-dependent regulation of recA expression in response to DNA damage. On the other hand, phosphorylation of DNA repair proteins such as PprA and RecA by a DNA damage-responsive Ser/Thr protein kinase (STPK) (RqkA) could improve their DNA metabolic activities as well as their roles in the radioresistance of D. radiodurans Here we report RqkA-mediated phosphorylation of cell division proteins FtsZ and FtsA in vitro and in surrogate Escherichia coli bacteria expressing RqkA. Mass spectrometric analysis mapped serine 235 and serine 335 in FtsZ and threonine 272, serine 370, and serine 386 in FtsA as potential phosphorylation sites. Although the levels of FtsZ did not change during postirradiation recovery (PIR), phosphorylation of both FtsZ and FtsA showed a kinetic change during PIR. However, in an rqkA mutant of D. radiodurans, though FtsZ underwent phosphorylation, no kinetic change in phosphorylation was observed. Further, RqkA adversely affected FtsA interaction with FtsZ, and phosphorylated FtsZ showed higher GTPase activity than unphosphorylated FtsZ. These results suggest that both FtsZ and FtsA are phosphoproteins in D. radiodurans The increased ph...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Study
Bacterial Proteins
Rec A Recombinases
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
DNA Repair
Post-Translational Protein Processing
Regulation of Biological Process
Proteins, Recombinant DNA
Cell Division

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