Aug 20, 2011

Photo-dynamic induction of oxidative stress within cholesterol-containing membranes: shape transitions and permeabilization

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
Rachid KerdousStéphanie Bonneau


Photochemical internalization is a drug delivery technology employing a photo-destabilization of the endosomes and the photo-controlled release of endocyted macromolecules into the cytosol. This effect is based on the ability of some photosensitizers to interact with endosomal membranes and to photo-induce damages leading to its breakdown. The permeabilization efficiency is not quantitatively related to the importance of the damages, but to their asymmetric repartition within the leaflets. Using unilamellar vesicles and a chlorin, we studied the effect of the membrane's cholesterol content on its photo-permeabilization. First, the affinity of the chlorin for membranes was studied. Then, we asymmetrically oxidized the membranes. For DOPC/CHOL GUVs, we observed different shape transitions, in accordance with an increase followed by a decrease of the membrane effective curvature. These modifications are delayed by the cholesterol. Finally, the photo-permeabilization of GUVs occurs, corresponding to a pore formation due to the membrane tension, resulting from vesicles buddings. Cholesterol-rich GUVs permeabilization occurs after a lag, and is less important. These results are interpreted regarding both (i) the cholesterol-induced t...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Tissue Membrane
Decompression Sickness
Oxidative Stress
Oxidative Stress Analysis
Fluorescence Spectroscopy

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