DOI: 10.1101/19004796Aug 21, 2019Paper

Photo-Integrated Conversation Moderated by Robots for Cognitive Health in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial

MedRxiv : the Preprint Server for Health Sciences
Mihoko Otake-MatsuuraT. Kudo

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Social interaction might prevent or delay dementia, but little is known about the specific effects of various social activity interventions on cognition. This study conducted a single-site randomized controlled trial (RCT) of Photo-Integrated Conversation moderated by a Robot (PICMOR), a group conversation intervention program for resilience against cognitive decline and dementia. Research Design and Methods: In the RCT, PICMOR was compared to an unstructured group conversation condition. Sixty-five community-living older adults participated in this study. The intervention was provided once a week for 12 weeks. Primary outcome measures were the cognitive functions; process outcome measures included the linguistic characteristics of speech to estimate interaction quality. Baseline and post-intervention data were collected. PICMOR contains two key features: (i) photos taken by the participants are displayed and discussed sequentially; and (ii) a robotic moderator manages turn-taking to make sure that participants are allocated the same amount of time. Results: Among the primary outcome measures (i.e., cognitive functions), verbal fluency significantly improved in the intervention group. Among the proces...Continue Reading

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