PMID: 3052587Oct 6, 1988

Photoinactivation of the thiamin transport system in Saccharomyces cerevisiae with azidobenzoyl derivatives of thiamin

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
K Sempuku


In an attempt to obtain a potent inhibitor for thiamin transport of Saccharomyces cerivisiae three novel thiamin derivatives having an arylazido substituent in the thiazole moiety have been synthesized. The derivatives prepared were 4-azidobenzoylthiamin (ABT), 4-azidobenzoylthiamin disulfide (ABTD), and 4-azido-2-nitrobenzoylthiamin disulfide (ANBTD). Among the newly prepared photoreactive azidobenzoyl derivatives of thiamin, ANBTD showed the strongest competitive inhibition with an apparent Ki of 7.9 nM against thiamin uptake by S. cerevisiae IFO-2375. The Ki values for ABT, 4-azido-2-nitrobenzoylthiamin (ANBT), and ABTD were 187 nM, 83 nM, and 15 nM, respectively. When exposed to visible light, ANBTD inactivated in a time- and concentration-dependent manner the uptake of [14C]thiamin by yeast protoplasts as well as intact cells. Remaining activities of the thiamin uptake by the intact cells were 71.9%, 27.3%, 40.1%, and 15.0% after visible light irradiation for 15 min in the presence of 1 microM ABT, ANBT, ABTD, and ANBTD, respectively. The inactivation by ANBTD (0.05 microM) was partially prevented by previous addition of an excessive amount of thiamin (5 microM). Furthermore, it was found that ANBTD (0.5 microM) irreversib...Continue Reading


Mar 27, 1979·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·A Iwashima, H Nishimura
Jan 1, 1979·Annual Review of Biochemistry·V Chowdhry, F H Westheimer
Nov 2, 1979·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·A IwashimaY Nose
Jun 15, 1986·Experientia·H NishimuraA Iwashima
Dec 13, 1973·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·A IwashimaY Nose
Oct 1, 1971·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·J M BeckerE Katchalski

Related Concepts

Cell Surface Proteins
Tissue Membrane
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Thiamine Mononitrate

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

The Tendon Seed Network

Tendons are rich in the extracellular matrix and are abundant throughout the body providing essential roles including structure and mobility. The transcriptome of tendons is being compiled to understand the micro-anatomical functioning of tendons. Discover the latest research pertaining to the Tendon Seed Network here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.


Incretins are metabolic hormones that stimulate a decrease in glucose levels in the blood and they have been implicated in glycemic regulation in the remission phase of type 1 diabetes. Here is the latest research.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Long COVID-19

“Long Covid-19” describes illness in patients who are reporting long-lasting effects of the SARS-CoV-19 infection, often long after they have recovered from acute Covid-19. Ongoing health issues often reported include low exercise tolerance and breathing difficulties, chronic tiredness, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This feed follows the latest research into Long Covid.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.