Apr 11, 1977

Photooxidation of chlorophyll in spinach chloroplasts between 10 and 180 K

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
J W VisserP Gast


Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and optical absorbance difference spectra and kinetics upon illumination by saturating flashes and continuous light of spinach chloroplasts frozen under various conditions were measured between 10 and 180 K. 1. At 100 K illumination with continuous light caused an EPR signal which decayed during the light in about 30 ms. This change is probably due to the reduction of P+-680, the oxidized primary electron donor of Photosystem II, by a secondary electron donor, cytochrome b-559. Flash illumination yielded the previously observed rapid (2 ms) transient. This transient has been ascribed to a back-reaction of the two primary reagents of Photosystem II (Malkin, R. and Bearden, A.J. (1975) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 396, 250-259; Visser, J.W.M. (1975) Thesis, Leiden). 2. Between 10 and 40 K, illumination with continuous light showed a transient which decayed in about 500 ms. The extent decreased with increasing temperature. However, the half time appeared to be temperature independent. This signal was also attributed to P+-680. 3. At 180 K it appeared to be impossible to observe the 2 and 30 ms components in dark frozen chloroplasts. However, they could be observed again if two short saturating flash...Continue Reading

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