Oct 13, 1976

Photophosphorylation as a function of illumination time. II. Effects of permeant buffers

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
D R OrtN E Good

Abstract

(1) The amounts of orthophosphate, bicarbonate and tris (hydroxymethyl)-aminomethane found inside the thylakoid are almost exactly the amounts predicted by assuming that the buffers equilibrate across the membrane. Since imidazole and pyridine delay the development of post-illumination ATP formation while increasing the maximum amount of ATP formed, it follows that such relatively permeant buffers must also enter the inner aqueous space of the thylakoid. (2) Photophosphorylation begins abruptly at full steady-state efficiency and full steady-state rate as soon as the illumination time exceeds about 5 ms when permeant ions are absent or as soon as the time exceeds about 50 ms if valinomycin and KC1 are present. In either case, permeant buffers have little or no effect on the time of illumination required to initiate phosphorylation. A concentration of bicarbonate which would delay acidification of the bulk of the inner aqueous phase for at least 350 ms has no effect at all on the time of initiation of phosphorylation. In somewhat swollen chloroplasts, the combined buffering by the tris(hydroxymethyl) aminomethane and orthophosphate inside would delay acidification of the inside by 1500 ms but, even in the presence of valinomycin...Continue Reading

  • References16
  • Citations44

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Photophosphorylation
Pyridines
Tissue Membrane
Valinomycin
Carbonic Acid Ions
Ampholytes
Slow-K
Imidazoles
Trizma
Etioplasts

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