Apr 5, 2020

Oncogene Regulated Release of Extracellular Vesicles

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
S. KilincAndrei Goga


Oncogenes can alter cellular structure, function, development and metabolism including changing the balance between anabolic and catabolic processes. However, how oncogenes regulate tumor cell biomass remains poorly understood. Using isogenic mammary breast epithelial cells transformed with a panel of ten oncogenes found commonly mutated, amplified or overexpressed in multiple cancers, we show that specific oncogenes reduce the biomass of cancer cells by promoting extracellular vesicle release. While MYC and AURKB elicited the highest number of EVs, each oncogene tested selectively altered the protein composition of released EVs. Likewise, miRNAs were differentially sorted into EVs in an oncogene-specific manner. MYC overexpressing cells require ceramide, while AURKB require ESCRT to release high levels of EVs. Finally, lysosome-associated genes are broadly downregulated in the context of MYC and AURKB, suggesting that cellular contents instead of being degraded, were released via EVs. Thus, oncogene mediated biomass regulation via differential EV release is a new metabolic phenotype which may have implications for cellular signaling and homeostasis.

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