Apr 7, 2020

Single-cell RNA sequencing deconvolutes the in vivo heterogeneity of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Z. WangHong-Wen deng

Abstract

Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are multipotent stromal cells, which have a critical role in the maintenance of skeletal tissues such as bone, cartilage, and the fat found in bone marrow. In addition to providing microenvironmental support for hematopoietic processes, BM-MSCs can differentiate into various mesodermal lineages including osteoblast/osteocyte, chondrocyte, and adipocyte cells that are crucial for bone metabolism. While BM-MSCs have high cell-to-cell heterogeneity in gene expression, the cell subtypes that contribute to this heterogeneity in vivo in humans have not been characterized. To investigate the transcriptional diversity of BM-MSCs, we applied single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) on freshly isolated CD271+ BM-derived mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) from two human subjects. We successfully identified LEPRhiCD45low BM-MSCs within the CD271+ BM-MNC population, and further codified the BM-MSCs into distinct subpopulations corresponding to the osteogenic, chondrogenic, and adipogenic differentiation trajectories, as well as terminal-stage quiescent cells. Biological functional annotations of transcriptomes suggest that osteoblast precursors may induce angiogenesis coupled with osteogenesis, an...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Computer Software
Study
Conserved Sequence
Anaconda
Genome
Genomics
Species
Analysis
Genetic Loci
Inference

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