Physeal bystander effects in rhabdomyosarcoma radiotherapy: experiments in a new xenograft model

Sarcoma
Jason A HortonTimothy A Damron

Abstract

Radiotherapy used in the treatment of pediatric musculoskeletal sarcomas may result in crippling defects of skeletal growth. Several radioprotective strategies have shown potential for preserving function of the irradiated epiphysis but have not been evaluated in a tumor-bearing animal model. We developed two bioluminescent human rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines that were used to establish xenograft tumors in skeletally immature mice. Bioluminescence imaging and radiography allowed serial evaluation of tumor growth and tibial elongation following localized radiotherapy. High-dose (10 Gy) radiotherapy significantly reduced tumor growth velocity and prolonged the median survival of tumor-bearing mice but also resulted in a significant 3.3% shortening of the irradiated limb. Exposure to a lower, 2 Gy dose resulted in 4.1% decrease in limb length but did not extend survival. This new model provides a clinically relevant means to test the efficacy and safety of novel radioprotectant and radiorecovery strategies for use in this context.

Citations

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Related Concepts

Sarcoma
Crippled
Epiphysis Disorders
Neoplasms
Skeletal System
Xenograft Model
Limb Structure
Bioluminescence Test
Epiphysis of Bone
Bystander Effect

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