DOI: 10.1101/483552Nov 30, 2018Paper

Physical activity in adolescence: cross-national comparisons of levels, distributions and disparities across 52 countries

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
David BannNikki Shure

Abstract

Introduction: Despite global concerns regarding physical inactivity, limited cross-national evidence exists to compare physical activity participation in adolescence. We analysed 52 high- and low-middle income countries, with activity undertaken inside and outside of school in 2015. We investigated gender- and socioeconomic-disparities, and additionally examined correlations with country-level indices of physical education (PE) curriculum time allocation, wealth, and income inequality. Methods: We used the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of 15-year-olds (N=347,935). Students reported average attendance (days/week) in PE classes, and the days/week engaged in moderate activity (MPA) and vigorous activity (VPA) outside of school. Both the mean and distributions of outcomes were evaluated, as were gender- and socioeconomic-disparities. Pearsons correlations (r) between the physical activity outcomes and PE curriculum time allocation, wealth (indexed by GDP) and income inequality (indexed by the Gini coefficient) were calculated. Results: Activity levels inside and outside of school were higher in Eastern Europe than Western Europe, the Americas, and the Middl...Continue Reading

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