Physicochemical and functional characteristics of lentil starch

Carbohydrate Polymers
M JoshiB Adhikari

Abstract

The physicochemical properties of lentil starch were measured and linked up with its functional properties and compared with those of corn and potato starches. The amylose content of lentil starch was the highest among these starches. The crystallinity and gelatinization enthalpy of lentil starch were the lowest among these starches. The high amylose: amylopectin ratio in lentil starch resulted into low crystallinity and gelatinization enthalpy. Gelatinization and pasting temperatures of lentil starch were in between those of corn and potato starches. Lentil starch gels showed the highest storage modulus, gel strength and pasting viscosity than corn and potato starch gels. Peleg's model was able to predict the stress relaxation data of these starches well (R(2)>0.98). The elastic modulus of lentil starch gel was less frequency dependent and higher in magnitude at high temperature (60 °C) than at lower temperature (10 °C). Lentil starch is suitable where higher gel strengthened pasting viscosity are desired.

References

Jan 1, 1991·Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology·R Hoover, F W Sosulski
Feb 1, 1990·International Journal of Biological Macromolecules·A BuléonH Chanzy
Jun 27, 2002·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·Ramazan KizilKoushik Seetharaman
Jul 13, 2002·Biopolymers·T Y BograchevaC L Hedley
Oct 14, 2003·Carbohydrate Research·Marie-Astrid OttenhofImad A Farhat

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Dec 3, 2003·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·W Chen, S Holm
Mar 13, 2014·Carbohydrate Polymers·Maria Carolina B Di-MedeirosKátia F Fernandes
Sep 24, 2013·Carbohydrate Polymers·Aline M PascoalKátia F Fernandes
Apr 7, 2017·Foods·Stefan W HorstmannElke K Arendt
Jul 19, 2018·Journal of Texture Studies·Xiu-Ying XuJing-Sheng Liu
Jul 23, 2016·Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry·Yafeng ZhengJianbo Xiao
Nov 19, 2019·Frontiers in Plant Science·Rupesh TayadeJeong-Dong Lee
Aug 14, 2019·Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants : an International Journal of Functional Plant Biology·Joseph Mbasani-MansiRachid Mentag
Jan 24, 2018·Journal of Food Science and Technology·Renata Ferreira SantanaCristiane Martins Veloso
Jun 3, 2017·Food Science & Nutrition·Ilgin Paker, Kristen E Matak
Aug 21, 2019·Carbohydrate Polymers·Katiany Mansur TavaresJosé Manoel Marconcini
Apr 3, 2021·Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety·Yikai RenYongfeng Ai
Jul 16, 2019·International Journal of Biological Macromolecules·Paulina PająkLesław Juszczak
Jun 27, 2021·International Journal of Biological Macromolecules·Samson A OyeyinkaEugénie Kayitesi
Jul 25, 2021·Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry·Mengru HanBaili Feng

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.