Physiologic effects of prolonged conducted electrical weapon discharge in ethanol-intoxicated adults

The American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ronald M MoscatiJames R Miner

Abstract

This study examines the physiologic effects of prolonged conducted electrical weapon (CEW) exposure on alcohol-intoxicated adult subjects. Adult volunteers were recruited at a TASER International training conference. All subjects ingested mixed drinks until clinical intoxication or until a minimum breath alcohol level of 0.08 mg/dL was achieved. Blood samples for venous pH, Pco(2), bicarbonate, and lactate were measured in all subjects at baseline, immediately after alcohol ingestion, immediately after exposure to a 15-second TASER X26 discharge (Taser International Inc, Scottsdale, AZ), and 24 hours post-alcohol ingestion. Laboratory values were compared at sampling times using repeated-measure analysis of variance. A focused analysis comparing time points within groups was then performed using paired t tests. Twenty-two subjects were enrolled into the study. There was a decrease in pH and bicarbonate and an increase in lactate after alcohol ingestion. There was a further increase in lactate and drop in pH after CEW exposure. No subject experienced a significant adverse event. All values had returned to baseline levels at 24 hours except lactate, which demonstrated a small but clinically insignificant increase. Prolonged conti...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mar 17, 2012·Forensic Science International : Synergy·S N KunzF Fischer
May 7, 2011·Annals of Emergency Medicine·Mathieu PasquierBertrand Yersin
Apr 12, 2017·Sudebno-meditsinskaia ekspertiza·I V Kondratova, K Yu Kulinkovich
Jun 18, 2014·Medicine, Science, and the Law·Jeffrey HoJames Miner
Jan 20, 2018·International Journal of Legal Medicine·S N KunzM W Kroll
Jun 30, 2018·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Sebastian N KunzMark W Kroll
Feb 13, 2021·JAMA Network Open·Christos BaliatsasC Joris Yzermans

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