Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of junior cyclists of different specialties and performance levels

Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
P MenaspàA Sassi

Abstract

This study analyzes the anthropometric and physiological characteristics of junior cyclists within different cycling specialties and different performance levels. One hundred and thirty-two junior riders (16.8 ± 0.6 years, 177 ± 6 cm, 66.3 ± 6.7 kg) were tested for anthropometric, aerobic and anaerobic parameters. Cyclists were classified within specialties [uphill (UH) flat terrain (FT) all terrain (AT) and sprint (SP)] and performance levels, based on a seasonal ranking [low level (LL) medium level (ML) and high level (HL)]. The results of the two-way analysis of variance showed that FT and SP have greater body dimensions than UH and AT (P<0.001). Concerning the relative aerobic parameters, AT and UH have higher values (P<0.001) than FT and SP [maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max) ): 69.4 ± 3.6, 67.5 ± 5.0, 62.8 ± 4.5 and 61.9 ± 4.1 mL/kg/min, respectively] while absolute parameters resulted higher for FT and AT (P≤0.008). The relative power produced in the 5 s test was higher (P<0.001) for AT and SP than FT and UH (16.7 ± 1.1, 16.6 ± 0.6, 14.9 ± 1.7 and 14.4 ± 1.7 W/kg, respectively). Concerning the performance level, only the age and the aerobic parameters resulted differently within levels (VO(2max) : HL=67.3 ± 4.9, ML=65.5 ± 5...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mar 26, 2013·Journal of Sports Sciences·Chris R AbbissDavid T Martin
Jun 25, 2015·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·C Sánchez-MuñozJ J Muros
Jul 4, 2017·Journal of Sports Sciences·Alessandro FornasieroFederico Schena
May 31, 2018·The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness·Biljana NikolićĐorđe Stefanović
May 2, 2015·Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research·Paolo MenaspàChris R Abbiss
Oct 30, 2014·Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research·Alfred Nimmerichter, Craig A Williams
Oct 28, 2019·Frontiers in Physiology·Stephan van der ZwaardJos J de Koning
Dec 17, 2011·International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance·Paolo MenaspàAndrea Bosio
Mar 2, 2021·International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance·Gabriele GalloDaniele Zaccaria

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