Oct 1, 1975

Physiological differences among isolates of Phytophthora cinnamomi

Canadian Journal of Microbiology
W D Kelley

Abstract

Significant differences in amylase, beta-glucosidase, and phosphatase activities were observed among four Phytophthora cinnamomi isolates grown in nutrient-amended sterilized soil for 20 days. Amylase pH optima for the four isolates were within a relatively narrow range; at pH 5.5 each isolate was within 90% of its peak activity. Isolates SB-216-1, 1-281, and C-39 each exhibited maximal beta-glucosidase activity at pH 5.0 and maximal phosphatase activity at pH 5.0-5.5. Maximal activity for these two enzymes of isolate A-7725 occurred at pH 3.5. In timed experiments, isolates 1-281 and A-7725 exhibited greater amylase activities than did the other two isolates. For beta-glucosidase, greatest activity was observed for SB-216-1; ACTivity of 1-281 was intermediate and least activity was observed for isolates A-7725 and C-39. Isolates SB-216-1 and 1-281 exhibited greatest phosphatase activities; isolate C-39 was intermediate in activity, and A-7725 was least active. Results indicate that significant differences exist among the isolates tested and that these differences can be quantitatively measured by the methods described.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Phytophthora cinnamomi
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Beta-Glucosidase
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Filamentous fungus
Isolate compound
Amylase Measurement
Enzymes for Treatment of Wounds and Ulcers
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolase Activity
Amylases

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