Feb 1, 1976

Physiological disposition and biotransformation of [allyl-1', 3' - 14C naloxone in the rat and some comparative observations on nalorphine

The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
A L MisraS J Mulé


A sensitive method is described for the estimation of [14C]naloxone in biological materials. After a 1 mg/kg s.c. dose of [14C]naloxone to male Wistar rats, mean peak levels of drug in brain (506 ng/g) and plasma (119 ng/ml) were attained within 15 minutes. No persistence of drug in brain was observed at this dose. After a 10 mg/kg s.c. dose, the peak levels of naloxone in brain and plasma were 4.31 mug/g and 1.27 mug/ml, respectively, and extensive localization of extractable free drug and its minor metabolite, naloxol, occurred in tissues with high levels in kidney, spleen, lung, heart, skeletal muscle and somewhat lower concentration in the liver. The T1/2 of naloxone and nalorphine in rat brain and plasma with 1 and 10 mg/kg s.c. doses was 0.4 hour. With a 10 mg/kg dose, significant amounts of radioactivity persisted in tissues but not in plasma 96 hours after injection. The brain/plasma ratios and degree of plasma-protein binding were significantly higher for naloxone as compared to nalorphine. The amounts of free naloxone excreted as a percentage of the dose in urine and feces 96 hours after injection of the 10 mg/kg s.c. dose were 4.1 and 3.9 (for nalorphine 4.7 and 8.3); conjugated drug 15.4 and 1.2 (for nalorphine 13 a...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Establishment and Maintenance of Localization
Protein Binding
Serum Proteins
Cell Nucleus

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.