PMID: 3857144Apr 1, 1985Paper

Physiological indicators of fluoride exposure and utilization: an epidemiological study

Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
R G SchamschulaB L Adkins


Individual samples of urine, fingernails, head-hair, saliva, plaque and enamel were collected from three groups of Hungarian children, aged 14 years, who were exposed to contrasting water fluoride levels (less than or equal to 0.11 ppm; 0.5-1.1 ppm; 1.6-3.1 ppm). The mean fluoride concentration of the samples increased consistently and significantly, but mostly non-proportionately, with increasing water fluoride level. With the exception of plaque, the materials examined are considered suitable indicators of exposure to or systemic utilization of fluoride for population groups. Caries experience decreased with increasing fluoride exposure. Dental fluorosis constituted no clinical or aesthetic problem.


Mar 1, 1978·Journal of Dental Research·R G SchamschulaG Charlton
Nov 1, 1965·American Journal of Public Health and the Nation's Health·E C LeatherwoodP Sirikaya
Sep 1, 1972·Archives of Oral Biology·I L Shannon, E J Edmonds
Oct 1, 1980·Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology·R G SchamschulaH M Agus
Aug 1, 1982·Australian Dental Journal·R G SchamschulaK Tóth
Feb 1, 1952·The Journal of the American Dental Association·M MASSLER, I SCHOUR

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