DOI: 10.1101/476879Nov 22, 2018Paper

Physiological regulation of bud burst in grapevine

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Santiago SignorelliMichael J Considine

Abstract

The physiological constraints on bud burst in woody perennials, including the prerequisite for vascular development remain unresolved. Both light and tissue oxygen status have emerged as important cues for vascular development in other systems, however, light requirement appears to be facultative in grapevine, and the information related to the spatial variability of oxygen in buds is unclear. Here, we analysed apoplastic development at early stages of grapevine bud burst and combined molecular modelling with histochemical techniques to determine the pore size of cell walls in grapevine buds. The data demonstrate that quiescent grapevine buds were impermeable to apoplastic dyes (acid fuchsin and eosin Y) until after bud burst was established. The molecular exclusion size was calculated to be 2.1 nm, which would exclude most macromolecules except simple sugars and phytohormones. In vivo experiments show that grapevine buds were able to resume growth even following excision from the cane, and that the outer scales of grapevine buds may participate in the biochemical repression of bud burst. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the tissue oxygen partial pressure data correlated well with structural heterogeneity within the bud and dif...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Blood Vessel
Cell Wall
Enzyme Repression
Eosine Yellowish
Oxygen
Plant Growth Regulators
Spatial Distribution
Macromolecule
Extrinsic
Sugars

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