Jan 1, 1976

Physiology of salivary secretion

Frontiers of Oral Physiology
Y Imai

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to explain the mechanism of the acinar secretion of the salivary gland during stimulation. The following items were discussed and concluded. (1) The acinus is the majority of cells being the powerful transport system of the fluid from interstitial side to lumen. (2) Osmotic flow was clarified being a cause of water transport, in which the osmolality gradient across the acinus epithelium was initiated by a preceded salt transport. (3) The grades of osmotic gradient, of hydraulic conductivity, and of semipermeable property of gland epithelia were described. (4) On salt transport during stimulation, Na+ inflow across the basal plasma membrane and Na+ extrusion across the luminal membrane of the acinus cell were discussed with respect to the electrochemical gradient and ionic flow. From the electrophysiological work and the ionic distribution of the salivary gland, it is concluded that massive Na+ inflow and K+ outflow across the basal plasma membrane was a passive process due to an increase of permeability to those ion during stimulation, but the process of Na+ extrusion across the plasma membranes of the luminal side of the cell as well as of the secretory granules was active. (5) The electrochemic...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Membrane
Entire Lumen of Body System
Acinus Organ Component
Energy Metabolism
Protoplasm
Resting Potentials
Secretion of Saliva
Potassium
Interstitial
Ouabain

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