Apr 2, 2019

Phytochemistry, Pharmacological Activities, Toxicity and Clinical Application of Momordica cochinchinensis

Current Pharmaceutical Design
Hai-Yue LanHong Zhang

Abstract

Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng (M. cochinchinensis) is a deciduous vine that grows in Southeast Asia. It is known as gac in Vietnam and as Red Melon in English. Gac is reputed to be extremely benificial for health and has been widely used as food and folk medicine in Southeast Asia. In China, the seed of M. cochinchinensis (Chinese name: Mu biezi) is used as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for the treatment of various diseases. More than 60 chemical constituents have been isolated from M. cochinchinensis. Modern pharmacological studies and clinical practice demonstrate that some chemical constituents of M. cochinchinensis possess wide pharmacological activities, such as anti-tumor, anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory, etc. This paper reviews the phytochemistry, pharmacological activities, toxicity, and clinical application of M. cochinchinensis, aiming to bring new insights into further research and application of this ancient herb.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Research
Food
Antioxidant Effect
Human Pharmacology Study
Momordica cochinchinensis
Toxic Effect
Medicine, Chinese
Rubus cochinchinensis
Pharmaceutical Preparations
6-hydroxytetracenomycin C

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