PMID: 8620913Apr 1, 1996

Pigs experimentally infected with Serpulina hyodysenteriae can be protected from developing swine dysentery by feeding them a highly digestible diet

Epidemiology and Infection
P M SibaD J Hampson

Abstract

Weaner pigs (n = 72) were fed 1 of 4 diets. These were based on either cooked rice and animal protein, cooked rice and lupin, wheat and lupin, or wheat and animal protein. Twenty-six of the pigs were slaughtered after 1 month. Those fed the highly digestible cooked rice and animal protein diet had drier colonic contents and faeces, lighter large intestines, and the contents of their large intestines had increased pH values and decreased total VFA concentrations. The other 46 were orally challenged with broth cultures of Serpulina hyodysenteriae, and were monitored for faecal excretion of the spirochaetes, and for the development of swine dysentery (SD). None of 18 pigs fed the cooked rice and animal protein diet developed colonic changes or disease, whereas most pigs on the other diets developed mucohaemorrhagic colitis and dysentery. The reduced fermentation that occurred in the large intestines of pigs fed cooked rice and animal protein was associated with a subsequent failure of colonization by S. hyodysenteriae, and resultant protection against SD.

References

May 1, 1976·Lancet·H TrowellD J Jenkins
Dec 1, 1978·Kansenshōgaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases·S Sugino
Feb 1, 1975·The American Journal of Physiology·R A Argenzio, M Southworth
Jan 1, 1978·Indian Journal of Pediatrics·K C Verma, S P Sharma
Aug 1, 1978·Journal of Animal Science·S Imoto, S Namioka
Jun 1, 1991·Epidemiology and Infection·D J Hampson
May 1, 1986·Zentralblatt Für Bakteriologie, Mikrobiologie, Und Hygiene. Series A, Medical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases, Virology, Parasitology·I Suenaga, T Yamazaki
Aug 1, 1987·Journal of Animal Science·V H Varel
Jan 1, 1986·International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine·P T TrzepaczD H Van Thiel
Oct 1, 1986·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·R A KunkleJ M Kinyon
Dec 1, 1984·Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin. Reihe B. Journal of veterinary medicine. Series B·L Prohászka, K Lukács
Jan 1, 1981·Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin. Reihe B. Journal of veterinary medicine. Series B·L Prohászka, F Baron
Jul 1, 1981·The British Journal of Nutrition·D W PethickA J Northrop
Oct 24, 1981·The Veterinary Record·S R Jenkinson, C R Wingar
Jan 1, 1994·Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition·A M Stephen

Citations

May 4, 2013·Nutrition Research Reviews·Elijah KiarieCharles M Nyachoti
Oct 30, 2001·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·K E Bach Knudsen
May 15, 2013·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Avelino Alvarez-OrdóñezPedro Rubio
Oct 20, 2006·Veterinary Microbiology·Lisbeth E ThomsenAllan Roepstorff
Sep 24, 2004·Veterinary Microbiology·Henriette T BoesenK Møller
Feb 7, 2006·The Veterinary Journal·M E Chase-ToppingJ R Thomson
Jun 12, 2016·Veterinary Pathology·Eric R Burrough
Dec 1, 2002·Nutrition Research Reviews·J R PluskeD J Hampson
Apr 7, 2018·Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition·C VisscherJ Kamphues
Mar 16, 2004·Journal of Medical Microbiology·Magdalena JacobsonMarianne Jensen-Waern
Mar 20, 2004·The Veterinary Record·R H LindecronaK Møller
Aug 21, 2004·Journal of Animal Science·L MontagneJ R Pluske
Feb 10, 2021·Animals : an Open Access Journal From MDPI·Emma T HelmEric R Burrough

Related Concepts

Animal Feed (Substance)
Saturated Fat
Food, Formulated
Large Intestine
Tachigalia
Pharmaceutical Plants
Rice (Dietary)
Spirochaetales Infections
Swine Diseases
Brachyspira hyodysenteriae (bacteria)

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

The Tendon Seed Network

Tendons are rich in the extracellular matrix and are abundant throughout the body providing essential roles including structure and mobility. The transcriptome of tendons is being compiled to understand the micro-anatomical functioning of tendons. Discover the latest research pertaining to the Tendon Seed Network here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Incretins

Incretins are metabolic hormones that stimulate a decrease in glucose levels in the blood and they have been implicated in glycemic regulation in the remission phase of type 1 diabetes. Here is the latest research.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Long COVID-19

“Long Covid-19” describes illness in patients who are reporting long-lasting effects of the SARS-CoV-19 infection, often long after they have recovered from acute Covid-19. Ongoing health issues often reported include low exercise tolerance and breathing difficulties, chronic tiredness, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This feed follows the latest research into Long Covid.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.