Apr 25, 2020

Within-population sperm competition intensity does not predict asymmetry in conpopulation sperm precedence

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Martin David GarlovskyR. R. Snook


Postcopulatory sexual selection can generate coevolutionary arms races between the sexes resulting in the rapid coevolution of reproductive phenotypes. As traits affecting fertilisation success diverge between populations postmating prezygotic barriers to gene flow may evolve. Conspecific sperm precedence is a form of such isolation thought to evolve early during speciation yet has mostly been studied between species. Here we show conpopulation sperm precedence between Drosophila montana populations. Using genomic data to estimate divergence times and patterns of gene flow between populations, we show gene flow has played a considerable role during divergence. We find conpopulation sperm precedence is asymmetric and is concordant with asymmetry in non-competitive postmating prezygotic reproductive isolation. These results suggest these phenomena have a shared mechanism, but we show that this asymmetry is unrelated to the strength of postcopulatory sexual selection acting within populations. We tested whether overlapping foreign and coevolved ejaculates within the female reproductive tract altered fertilisation success but found no effect. Our results show that neither time since divergence nor sperm competitiveness predicts the...Continue Reading

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