Placenta increta presenting with threatened miscarriage during the first trimester in rhesus-negative mother: a case report.

Journal of Medical Case Reports
Nik Lah Nik-Ahmad-ZukyEngku Ismail Engku Husna

Abstract

Placenta accreta is known to be associated with significant maternal morbidity and mortality-primarily due to intractable bleeding during abortion or delivery at any level of gestation. The complications could be reduced if placenta accreta is suspected in a patient with a history of previous cesarean delivery and the gestational sac/placenta is located at the lower part of the uterus. Then, a proper management plan can be instituted, and complications can be reduced. The diagnosis of placenta accreta in the first trimester of pregnancy is considered uncommon. A 34-year-old Malay, gravida 4, para 3, rhesus-negative woman was referred from a private hospital at 13 weeks owing to accreta suspicion for further management. She has a history of three previous lower-segment cesarean sections. She also had per vaginal bleeding in the early first trimester, which is considered to indicate threatened miscarriage. Transabdominal ultrasound revealed features consistent with placenta accreta spectrum. She was counseled for open laparotomy and hysterectomy because of potential major complication if she continued with the pregnancy. Histopathological examination revealed placenta increta. A high index of suspicion of placenta previa accreta ...Continue Reading

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