Nov 16, 2019

Plant sphingolipids promote extracellular vesicle release and alleviate amyloid-β pathologies in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease

Scientific Reports
Kohei YuyamaYasuyuki Igarashi

Abstract

The accumulation of amyloid-β protein (Aβ) in brain is linked to the early pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We previously reported that neuron-derived exosomes promote Aβ clearance in the brains of amyloid precursor protein transgenic mice and that exosome production is modulated by ceramide metabolism. Here, we demonstrate that plant ceramides derived from Amorphophallus konjac, as well as animal-derived ceramides, enhanced production of extracellular vesicles (EVs) in neuronal cultures. Oral administration of plant glucosylceramide (GlcCer) to APP overexpressing mice markedly reduced Aβ levels and plaque burdens and improved cognition in a Y-maze learning task. Moreover, there were substantial increases in the neuronal marker NCAM-1, L1CAM, and Aβ in EVs isolated from serum and brain tissues of the GlcCer-treated AD model mice. Our data showing that plant ceramides prevent Aβ accumulation by promoting EVs-dependent Aβ clearance in vitro and in vivo provide evidence for a protective role of plant ceramides in AD. Plant ceramides might thus be used as functional food materials to ameliorate AD pathology.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Exosomes
In Vivo
Pathogenesis
Amorphophallus konjac (plant)
Ceramides
Glucosylceramides
Neurons
Brain
Alzheimer's Disease
Sphingolipids

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