Plasma and urinary levels of heart fatty acid-binding protein in patients undergoing cardiac surgery
Japanese Circulation Journal
N HayashidaS Aoyagi
To evaluate the clinical significance of the plasma and urinary levels of heart fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, a prospective study was conducted. Ten patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were enrolled. Blood samples for determination of plasma H-FABP (pH-FABP), the MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MB) and troponin-T (TnT), and urine samples for determination of urinary H-FABP (uH-FABP) were collected serially. None of the patients had perioperative myocardial infarction. The time to reach the peak level after aortic declamping was significantly (p<0.05) shorter for pH-FABP (1.4+/-0.5 h) than for CK-MB (2.5+/-0.5 h), TnT (6.6+/-1.3 h) or uH-FABP (3.0+/-0.6 h). Peak levels of pH-FABP correlated with those of CK-MB (r = 0.51, p = 0.04), TnT (r = 0.60, p = 0.03) and uH-FABP (r = 0.61, p = 0.03), and peak levels of uH-FABP correlated with CK-MB (r = 0.57, p = 0.04). Postoperative uH-FABP levels correlated inversely with the left ventricular stroke work index (r = -0.63, p = 0.04). This study demonstrated that H-FABP appears rapidly in plasma after reperfusion and reaches its peak earlier than other available biochemical markers; it appears also in urine and the levels co...Continue Reading
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