Oct 1, 1979

Plasma binding of benzodiazepines in humans

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
R JohnsonG R Wilkinson

Abstract

Plasma binding of chlordiazepoxide, diazepam, loraxepam, and oxazepam was determined by equilibrium dialysis in 20 male, healthy volunteers, 25-86 years old. A wide range of binding was observed, with the free fraction varying twofold for lorazepam, fourfold for chlordiazepoxide and diazepam, and over 20-fold for oxazepam. Statistically significant linear relationships were not observed between the degree of binding and age, serum albumin, or total protein for any of the drugs. There was, however, a correlation between the extent of binding for the four drugs. Because of the importance of unbound benzodiazepine levels in eliciting any pharmacological response and also in disposition, consideration of the wide interindividual variability in plasma binding must be made in interpreting pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic data.

  • References
  • Citations30

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Serum Albumin Measurement
Anti-Anxiety Effect
ALB
Serum Proteins
Lorazepam
Senility
Benzodiazepine [EPC]
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Diazepam
Pharmacodynamics

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.