Oct 20, 1999

Plasma-electrolytes in natives to hypoxia after marathon races at different altitudes

Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
W SchmidtO Garcia

Abstract

It is well known that altitude natives differ from sea level natives in aspects of fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. To evaluate exercise and environmental influences on the electrolyte and water status in hypoxia adapted subjects, we investigated 11 well-trained marathon runners (33.7 +/- 0.7 yr, 60.5 +/- 1.9 kg), native to an altitude above 2600 m, before and after two marathon races. One competition was held at moderate altitude (AM, 2650 m, 14 degrees C, 55% RH, running time 3 h 6 min +/- 22 min) and another under tropical conditions (HM, 470 m, 28 degrees C, 70% RH, running time 2 h 54 min +/- 30 min). Blood samples were taken 3 d before, immediately after, 1 h after, and 24 h after the races. The loss in body fluid was calculated to be 2.15 L during AM and 5.05 L during HM, respectively. It was compensated mostly by ingested fluids without electrolyte content and by metabolically produced water, which led to hyponatremia during AM (plasma [Na+] from 144.3 +/- 0.7 to 131.7 +/- 2.1 mmol x L(-1)). Severe dehydration without significant changes in plasma [Na+] could be detected after HM. Serum antidiuretic hormone concentrations and serum aldosterone concentrations significantly increased during both races and remained at a ...Continue Reading

  • References27
  • Citations6

References

  • References27
  • Citations6

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Hypernatremia
Electrolytes
Aldosterone, (+-)-Isomer
Pitressin
Hyponatremia
Running (Physical Activity)
Anoxemia
Altitude
AVP
Dehydration

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