Sep 1, 1986

Plasma volume changes during head-out water immersion in conscious dogs

The American Journal of Physiology
K MikiJ A Krasney


Blood volume (51Cr-erythrocyte dilution method), hematocrit, and arterial (Pa), central venous (Pv), plasma colloid osmotic (IIpl), and interstitial fluid hydrostatic (Pcps, Guyton's capsule method) pressures were measured continuously to determine the kinetics of the transvascular fluid shift during 100 min of water immersion (WI) at 37 degrees C in six splenectomized dogs. Urine flow increased by 180% above control levels (P less than 0.05) by 30 min of WI. Plasma volume (PV) started to increase at 5 min of WI and rose by 7.2% (P less than 0.05) above control levels by 35 min of WI, and then it decreased gradually. PV returned to control levels immediately after WI. Plasma protein concentration and IIpl decreased significantly by 0.2 g/100 ml and 1.2 mmHg, respectively, at 35 min of WI, while plasma osmolality and Na+ concentration were constant. Pa and Pv increased (P less than 0.05) by 25 and 12 mmHg, respectively. Mean capillary pressure, which was calculated from Pa, Pv, and an estimated pre-to-postcapillary resistance ratio of 5-12, increased by 13-14 mmHg while Pcps increased (P less than 0.05) by 17 and 26 mmHg at upper hindlimb and lower forelimb, respectively. The changes in mean capillary pressure and IIpl tend to p...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Serum Proteins
Red Cell Mass Result
Hematocrit Procedure
Canis familiaris

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