Jan 1, 1976

Plasmid-mediated penicillin beta-lactamases in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Y SawadaS Mitsuhashi

Abstract

A penicillin beta-lactamase (PCase) was extracted from Pseudomonas aeruginosa Rms139(+) and purified by means of column chromatography. The isoelectric point of Rms139 PCase was 5.7 and its molecular weight was 22,500 +/- 1,000. The optimal pH for the hydrolysis of benzylpenicillin was 7.0 to 7.5 and the optimal temperature was 45 C, with the PCase also showing high activity against carbenicillin. It is concluded that this enzyme is a new type of penicillin beta-lactamase different from the type I, II, or III R plasmid-mediated PCases reported previously.

Mentioned in this Paper

Antibiotic Resistance, Microbial
Bacterial Proteins
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (antigen)
Carbenicillin
Beta-Lactamase
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Plasmids
R Factors
Exopenicillinase
Penicillins

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Allergy & Infectious Diseases (ASM)

Allergies result from the hyperreactivity of the immune system to some environmental substance and can be life-threatening. Infectious diseases are caused by organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. They can be transmitted different ways, such as person-to-person. Here is the latest research on allergy and infectious diseases.

CRISPR Screens in Drug Resistance

CRISPR-Cas system enables the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. This feed focuses on the application of CRISPR-Cas system in high-throughput genome-wide screens to identify genes that may confer drug resistance.

Antimicrobial Resistance (ASM)

Antimicrobial resistance poses a significant threat to the continued successful use of antimicrobial agents for the treatment of bacterial infections.

Allergy & Infectious Diseases

Allergies result from the hyperreactivity of the immune system to some environmental substance and can be life-threatening. Infectious diseases are caused by organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. They can be transmitted different ways, such as person-to-person. Here is the latest research on allergy and infectious diseases.

Antimicrobial Resistance

Antimicrobial resistance poses a significant threat to the continued successful use of antimicrobial agents for the treatment of bacterial infections.